Proxy IP addresses can sometimes show a location other than what you expect, but why?
This can be a little confusing, so it is important to define what is meant by the location of a proxy. There are two types of locations we work with:
- Geolocation: This is the 'virtual' location of the proxy address. IP addresses can be publicly declared in locations that are physically different from where the server happens to sit. When an IP is geolocated, the change can take several weeks to propagate through all the public databases (more on this below). Geolocation is more important for proxies than physical location.
- Physical Location: This is the 'actual' location of the server on which a proxy resides, typically in a data center. This may or may not always be the same as the geolocation, but of the two, is the lesser of importance for how proxies are viewed.
Sites like whoer, MaxMind, FreeGeoIP, and IPLocation use third party databases that supply geolocations for IPs. However, these third parties and these databases have to get their locations from the top-level IP owner. For IPs in the USA, this is ARIN.
What is ARIN?
According to Wikipedia, "ARIN manages the distribution of Internet number resources, including IPv4 and IPv6 address space". This essentially means they regulate and organize most/all IPv4 address registrations in the USA and Canada, therefore they are what everyone considers the most accurate representation of IPs (which includes location!).
ARIN is one of five regional internet registries in the world, each of which manages the allocation and registration of IP addresses for different areas. While most of our proxies here at Blazing are correlated with ARIN, we do work with the others as well. Here is a listing of all the registries:
- African Network Information Center (AFRINIC) serves Africa
- American Registry for Internet Numbers (ARIN) serves Antarctica, Canada, parts of the Caribbean, and the United States
- Asia-Pacific Network Information Centre (APNIC) serves East Asia, Oceania, South Asia, and Southeast Asia
- Réseaux IP Européens Network Coordination Centre (RIPE NCC) serves Europe, Central Asia, Russia, and West Asia
- Latin America and Caribbean Network Information Centre (LACNIC) serves most of the Caribbean and all of Latin America
Why does ARIN have the correct location, but MaxMind does not?
You can check the location of your IP (example here is for a US IP) by inserting the address in the search box on this page: http://whois.arin.net/ui/
In the event that differs from what you are seeing elsewhere, it is likely because the correction process for downstream databases is still in process. Because ARIN organizes and regulates IP addresses, they govern this location and it is up to third parties to honor this governance, which can take several weeks to occur.
If you have any further questions regarding the location showing for your IP, please reach out to us here. Our support team is ready to answer your questions at anytime!